Following the holiday break, there has been little progress made on surprise billing legislation. The two House committees working in-parallel on separate competing proposals for legislative solutions have been reluctant to work together. House Ways & Means Committee ranking Republican Kevin Brady (R-TX) has stated that a bill which included benchmark pay rates would never reach the president’s desk for signature, therefore the Ways & Means committee has indicated its approach would set patient out-of-pocket payments at the in-network price for the service and create an independent dispute resolution (IDR) process for providers and insurers to resolve disputes. It would not set a threshold like the Senate HELP committee and House Energy & Commerce proposal would to trigger arbitration. Ways & Means has not released their bill, however continues to move forward with all comments due this week and a markup scheduled for later next week.